设计:MVRDV | 项目地点:阿姆斯特丹 | 类别:商业空间 | 2016-04-21 9247 57

Yesterday the glass doors of Crystal Houses opened, a visionary exploration into reimagining the possible uses of glass in construction. The entirely transparent façade of a high-end flagship store on Amsterdam’s upmarket shopping street, PC Hooftstraat, uses glass bricks, glass windows frames and glass architraves in a way to evoke the vernacular of the area with the goal to maintain the character of the site. The 620 m2 of retail and 220 m2 of housing, were designed for investor Warenar. The design unites the ambition of Amsterdam to have large distinctive flagship stores without compromising the historical ensemble. The project, conceptualised by MVRDV, was developed and constructed as part of a multi-team collaboration including Gietermans & Van Dijk Architects, Delft University of Technology, Brouwer & Kok engineers, ABT consulting engineers, Poesia (brand of Vetreria Resanese) glass manufacturers from Italy and contractor Wessels Zeist.

  昨天水晶屋的玻璃门開啟了,這也代表開起了這具有远见,重新想象玻璃本身在建設用途上的一道探索。坐落在阿姆斯特丹的高档购物街PC Hooftstraat,這座高端旗舰店为了维护此基地的特征,采用玻璃砖、玻璃窗框和玻璃框缘而成的完全透明外墙立面,企圖唤起人们对此区域的乡土之情。本項目是为开发商Warenar而设计 620 平方米零售空间和220平方米住宅空间。此设计结合阿姆斯特丹的野心,在擁有这精彩的旗舰店的企圖下,同時又不失去其历史原素。该项目由MVRDV提出概念,与多个团队协作开发,包括代尔夫特理工大学,ABT工程师,Gitterman&van Dijk建筑事务所和Poesia生产玻璃。

2153_160401_MVRDV_Crystal Houses_Amsterdam_v01.jpg

Glass bricks were developed for a flagship store in Amsterdam


Image / 图片:Daria Scagliola & Stijn Brakkee

MVRDV’s Crystal Houses began its existence with the request of Warenar to design a flagship store combining both Dutch heritage and international architecture on the PC Hooftstraat, Amsterdam’s one and only luxury brand street that was previously primarily residential. MVRDV wanted to make a representation of the original buildings and found a solution through an extensive use of glass. The near full-glass façade mimics the original design, down to the layering of the bricks and the details of the window frames, but is stretched vertically to comply with updated zoning laws and to allow for an increase in interior space. Glass bricks stretch up the façade of Crystal Houses, eventually dissolving into a traditional terracotta brick façade for the apartments (as stipulated in the City’s aesthetics rules), which appears to be floating above the shop floor.

  MVRDV的水晶屋设计开始於开发商Warenar要求在阿姆斯特丹这条原为住宅而现为唯一精品街道, PC Hooftstraat上,设计结合荷兰的传统与国际化建筑的ㄧ间旗舰店。MVRDV希望做出能让代表原建筑的设计,并通过广泛运用的玻璃建材找到了解决的方法。这座接近全玻璃砖墙模拟了原来的设计,下至砖的分层和窗框的细节,但垂直向度地延伸以符合更新的分区法规,并允许内部空间的增加。玻璃砖朝上延伸出水晶屋的外墙,最终与传统的陶土砖相融的外墙作为公寓的立面(此为符合城市的美学规范),像是漂浮在店面的上方。


The design hopes to provide a solution to the loss of local character in shopping areas around the world. The increased globalisation of retail has led to the homogenisation of high-end shopping streets. Crystal Houses offer the store a window surface that contemporary stores need, whilst maintaining architectural character and individuality, resulting in a flagship store that hopes to stand out amongst the rest.



“We said to the client, ‘Let’s bring back what will be demolished but develop it further’” explains Winy Maas, architect and co-founder of MVRDV. “Crystal Houses make space for a remarkable flagship store, respect the structure of the surroundings and bring a poetic innovation in glass construction. It enables global brands to combine the overwhelming desire of transparency with a couleur locale and modernity with heritage. It can thus be applied everywhere in our historic centres.”

  “我们对业主说,'让我们带回被拆去的部分,但向前更进一步。”MVRDV建筑师及创办人之一Winy Maas说道。 “水晶屋做出一个了不起的旗舰店空间,它尊重周围的结构,以玻璃构造将充满诗意的创新带入。它将全球品牌结合了强烈使用透明度的意愿与环,现代与传统结合起来。因此,因此,它可以在我们的历史悠久的城市中心被应用“。

A high-strength adhesive was specially developed to bond the bricks


Image / 图片:Daria Scagliola & Stijn Brakkee

After conceiving the initial idea MVRDV worked closely with a number of partners to develop the technologies to make it possible. Solid glass bricks were individually cast and crafted by Poesia in Resana, near Venice. Research undertaken by the Delft University of Technology, in partnership with engineering firm ABT and contractor Wessels Zeist, led to the development of structural solutions and fabrication techniques, with the use of a high-strength, UV bonded, transparent adhesive from Delo Industrial Adhesives in Germany to cement the bricks together without the need for a more traditional mortar.



Six to ten experts worked every day for a whole year in a place that bore more resemblance to a laboratory than a construction site. Due to the sensitivity of the materials, an extremely high level of accuracy and craftsmanship was required and a technical development team was onsite throughout the process. Since this construction is the first of its kind, new construction methods and tools had to be utilised: from high-tech lasers and laboratory grade UV-lamps, to slightly lower-tech Dutch full-fat milk, which, with its low transparency, proved to be an ideal liquid to function as a reflective surface for the levelling of the first layer of bricks. Despite its delicate looks, strength tests by the Delft University of Technology team proved that the glass-construction was in many ways stronger than concrete. The full-glass architrave, for instance, could withstand a force of up to 42.000 Newton; the equivalent to two full-sized SUVs.

  比起建筑工地的现场, 每天都有六至十个专家相似的实验室整整工作了一年。由于材料的敏感性,在整个技术开发团队现场过程中,标准极高的精密度和工艺水平是被严格要求的。由于这有史以来全新的构造,新的建筑方法和工具必须使用:从高科技的激光器和实验室级的紫外线灯,小幅低技术荷兰全脂牛奶,这与它的透明度低,证明是用作用于砖的第一层的流平的反射表面的理想的液体。尽管它的外观精致,代尔夫特理工大学团队以强度试验证明,玻璃建筑在很多方面,比混凝土更强。例如,全玻璃楣梁,可以承受高达42,000牛顿的力;相当于两个。

The original building is replicated in glass bricks


Image / 图片:Daria Scagliola & Stijn Brakkee

The development of new construction methods unearthed additional possibilities for future building, such as the minimisation of waste materials. In essence, all of the glass components are completely recyclable. Waste materials from the project, such as imperfect bricks, could simply be (and were) melted down and re-moulded or entirely repurposed. Such is also true for the entire façade itself, once the building has reached the end of its life span, the whole facade can be melted down and given a new life. The only exceptions to this rule are added features which ensure the security of the building, such as a concrete ram-raid defence plinth, hidden in a blend of reflective and translucent materials and built to withstand the force of a car crashing into the building. Repair-protocols were developed in the event of any damage, allowing for the replacement of individual bricks.



With a façade made primarily out of glass it was important to ensure that energy requirements were supplied through renewable sources. Therefore, the building was designed around a ground source heat pump, its pipes leading up to 170 metres underground, allowing for an optimal indoor climate throughout the year. A crucial element when dealing with delicate, sophisticated detailing while striving for a proper energy balance at the same time.


The glass façade offers increased exposure for shops 


图片:Daria Scagliola & Stijn Brakkee

The store is currently operated by French fashion house Chanel which will return later to their previous location on the PC Hooftstraat, also owned by Warenar. MVRDV worked in close partnership with professors and PhD researchers from the Delft University of Technology, alongside engineering firm ABT, with special mention going to Fred Veer, Rob Nijsse, Faidra Oikonomopoulou, Telesilla Bristogianni and Kees Baardolf. Poesia developed and manufactured the glass bricks, whilst Gietermans & van Dijk aided in the architectural design of the project. Also involved in the development and construction of the project were structural engineers Brouwer & Kok and contractor Wessels Zeist, of whom the brothers Van de Poppe played a vital role in the innovation of the adhesive and the glass brick laying on site. Energy conservation and renewable energy experts CCS Energy Advice aided with the development of sustainable solutions and energy production. Contributors to glass elements include Siko who supplied several types of the Delo adhesives and advised how to apply them, Cura Glass for the doors and Van Tetterode Glass Studio.

  这家店面目前由由法国时尚品牌香奈儿营运,该香奈儿品牌将稍后迁回到先前的在PC Hooftstraat的位置,这同时也由开发商Warenar所经营。MVRDV通过与代尔夫特理工大学的教授和博士研究人员的密切合作,与ABT工程公司并肩研发,在此特别要提到Fred Veer, Rob Nijsse, Faidra Oikonomopoulou, Telesilla Bristogianni and Kees Baardolf团队。 Poesia开发和制造玻璃砖,而Gietermans&van Dijk的建筑设计辅助。也参与了开发和建设的项目是结构工程师Brouwer & Kok和承包商Wessels Zeist,Van de Poppe兄弟在胶粘剂和玻璃砖铺设现场的创新为项目带来关键的作用。CCS能源咨询为节能和可再生能源所提供的帮助与可持续的解决方案和能源生产的发展。对玻璃元件所提供贡献的包括SIKO谁提供多种类型的德乐粘合剂,并建议如何使用,Cura玻璃门公司和Van Tetterode玻璃工作室。


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