Idom:帕苏丰杜Gare主题公园改造

设计:IDOM | 项目地点:巴西 | 类别:文化教育 | 2016-10-11 3060 28

The Parque da Gare, created in the 80s, is located next to an old railway station. The derelict state it was in and the fact that it was located right in the centre of the city of Passo Fundo motivated the council to start a project for its comprehensive urban and landscape revitalization keeping some historical and natural aspects, but under a new design for the park and introducing new infrastructures. This would be the case of the farmer’s market, which would take over the one which had been running on the plot of the old station, a restaurant with an information desk included which would improve the role taken on by a small outdoor bar, a bathing and maintenance area and, lastly, a multipurpose library area located in the lowest part of the park, next to the lake, fully integrated into the design.

  Gare主题公园创立于上个世纪八十年代,靠近一座老旧的火车站,位于一个荒废已久的地点。实际上,确切的说主题公园位于巴西帕苏丰杜市中心,因为这个原因,帕苏丰杜的委员会开始着手为城市的建设进行改造项目,景观改造保留一些历史和自然的元素,由于采用了一种全新的设计手法,公园里引进了很多新的基础设施。由于这里原本属于一个大型的农贸市场,项目改造需要占用其中一个位于旧车站的一个农贸市场,改造后的包括:带户外吧的餐厅、洗浴和保养中心、多功能书屋等,这些功能性空间位于公园最低的部分,靠近公园里的湖泊,通通都被整合到全新的设计里。

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The urban area is designed so as to generate both areas for coexistence and contemplation. The urban intervention differentiates the inside of the park, where concrete is used for paving, from the outside, where regional stone is used, as in the rest of Passo Fundo. This creates a link between the city and the new park.

  城区的设计目的为了创造一个适合共存和沉思的区域。城区设计不同于公园里的其他区域,从外面一直到内部,城区设计运用了大量的钢筋混泥土,局部区域用到了石头,跟帕苏丰杜市的其他地方很像。这样设计的目的是为了在城市与这座兴起的公园之间创造一种联系。

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Plus, several retaining walls, bridges, footbridges and buildings were erected in order to overcome some barriers, derived from the complex topography, and to organise the space.

  另外,设计中运用到的围墙、桥梁、人行桥、建筑物,目的是为了消除公园里的障碍形成分界线,从复杂的地形特征中分割出来规划整个空间。

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Along the paths, the different materials appear gradually: timber, cement…These spatially organise the park and its uses. Children’s games and pergolas are also incorporated.

  沿着新建的道路,不同的材料渐渐步入眼帘:木材、水泥……这些从空间的角度铸造了这座公园和实现了公园的功能需求。同时,公园设置了儿童玩耍区和凉亭。

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LANDSCAPE DESIGN

 

The landscape design is based on using autochthonous species. The specimens are chosen according to their size, colour and the functions they’ll have to fulfil at each point, making it possible for there to be a shade control, and the results are in line with the spatial and aesthetic decisions made.

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The design of the urbanised area maintains that same purpose. Hence, beside the lake, small boulevards are lined with short trees, in a South-North arrangement, in order to reduce shade and increase the oxygenation of the water and colourful trees are placed to contribute a chromatic difference from the constant green.

Given the high number of pre-existing trees, new specimens are planted in certain areas with the idea of generating a certain homogeneity and of organising the different zones.

Lawn areas are also generated for the hosting of all sorts of activities.



farmer’s market building

 

The Farmer’s Market is set in an area with a considerable slope, with a level difference between two streets of around four meters. To get around this, the building has two levels with different heights and stair and ramp access, making all areas accessible.

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Given the climate conditions of Passo Fundo, the building houses all its programme inside and keeps a direct connection with the two parallel streets and the adjacent parking zones, which include loading bays and parking for customers. The inside is organised by ramps into three areas at different levels. The first one, linked to the Sete de Setembro Avenue, is destined for toilets, stockrooms and building services rooms. Going down the ramp we find a second intermediate area where the food is located. It’s linked with the park through the East entrance. The lower level corresponds to the cool area and the access from the Rua Capitão Bernardo and the parking area.

The building has a mixed structure made of concrete and metal. The concrete corresponds to the base, in contact with the soil, and in turn is made up of pillars, beams, retaining walls and prefab slabs. This structure offers support to the metal one, which spatially organises the building’s envelope by means of pillars and beams for the sides and the roof. This generates a great central space, free from pillars. The roof is the result of metal mesh placed over metal trusses and the envelope, thus creating continuity between the façade and the roof.

The openings in the façade serve ventilation and illumination purposes. Their layout grants a certain rhythm to the longer elevations.

The great openings on the upper part of the building generate spatial continuity between the inside and the exterior.



THE LIBRARY

 

The special division of the terrain into two levels in the lower part of the park also affects this project. In fact, the lower pavement is half buried.

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The lower part of the building is made of reinforced concrete. Given the slab that covers it (intermediate slab from the library), a uniquely shaped prism is developed with a metal structure and a masonry envelope that includes some glazed surfaces.

The ground floor contains the functional core that concentrates the wet areas, with public toilets, the exterior staircase that leads up to the upper floor and the required infrastructure for the outfitting of a small restaurant. All these uses are concentrated next to the retaining wall, leaving a great sheltered area beside it which can host all sorts of events.

The upper floor is organised as a multipurpose area, to be used as a digital library. It also includes a small toilets cluster and a reception, and entrances on either side. The idea is for it to be used in conjunction with the existing plaza on the upper level.


客户:帕苏丰杜委员会

项目地: 巴西
项目完工: 2016年

总面积:96,070.40m²
建筑面积:1,823.2 m²

建筑和景观设计公司:Idom

设计师:

General coordinator: Pedro Paes Lira

Manager: Eugenio Teixeira Borges

联合设计师: Andreia Faley, Vera Leitão Pinto, Luciana Pitombo, Ana Camila Sanches, Renata Azevedo Lovro, Caio Faggin, Jesús Lázaro

结构工程师:Igor Ortuoste Jayo, Marcos Eanes Santos Souza

摄影师:Marcelo Donadussi


关于IDOM:


Idom:帕苏丰杜Gare主题公园改造-09

Pedro Paes Lira – General Coordinator and co-author

Eugénio Teixeira Borges - Diretor and co-author

Vera Leitão Pinto – architect and co-author

Luciana de Moraes Pitombo – architect and co-author

Ana Camila Sanches – architect and co-author

Andreia Faley – architect and co-author



译/编辑:SAM

 
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